Datasheet KSZ9897R (Microchip)

Description7-Port Gigabit Ethernet Switch with Two RGMII/MII/RMII Interfaces
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KSZ9897R. 7-Port Gigabit Ethernet Switch. with Two RGMII/MII/RMII Interfaces. Highlights. Target Applications. Features

Datasheet KSZ9897R Microchip

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KSZ9897R 7-Port Gigabit Ethernet Switch with Two RGMII/MII/RMII Interfaces Highlights
• Five Integrated PHY Ports - 1000BASE-T/100BASE-TX/10BASE-Te IEEE 802.3 • Non-blocking wire-speed Ethernet switching fabric - Fast Link-up option significantly reduces link-up time • Full-featured forwarding and filtering control, includ- - Auto-negotiation and Auto-MDI/MDI-X support ing Access Control List (ACL) filtering - On-chip termination resistors and internal biasing for • Full VLAN and QoS support differential pairs to reduce power • Five ports with integrated 10/100/1000BASE-T PHY - LinkMD® cable diagnostic capabilities for determining transceivers cable opens, shorts, and length • Two ports with 10/100/1000 Ethernet MACs and con- • Two Configurable External MAC Ports figurable RGMII/MII/RMII interfaces - Reduced Gigabit Media Independent Interface • IEEE 802.1X access control support (RGMII) v2.0 • EtherGreen™ power management features, - Reduced Media Independent Interface (RMII) v1.2 with 50MHz reference clock input/output option including low power standby - Media Independent Interface (MII) in PHY/MAC mode • Flexible management interface options: SPI, I2C, • Advanced Switch Capabilities MIIM, and in-band management via any port - IEEE 802.1Q VLAN support for 128 active VLAN • Commercial/Industrial temperature range support groups and the full range of 4096 VLAN IDs • 128-pin TQFP-EP (14 x 14mm) RoHS compliant pkg - IEEE 802.1p/Q tag insertion/removal on per port basis - VLAN ID on per port or VLAN basis
Target Applications
- IEEE 802.3x full-duplex flow control and half-duplex back pressure collision control • Stand-alone 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet switches - IEEE 802.1X access control • VoIP infrastructure switches (Port-based and MAC address based) • Broadband gateways/firewalls - IGMP v1/v2/v3 snooping for multicast packet filtering • Wi-Fi access points - IPv6 multicast listener discovery (MLD) snooping • Integrated DSL/cable modems - IPv4/IPv6 QoS support, QoS/CoS packet prioritization • Security/surveillance systems - 802.1p QoS packet classification with 4 priority queues - Programmable rate limiting at ingress/egress ports • Industrial control/automation switches - Broadcast storm protection • Networked measurement and control systems - Four priority queues with dynamic packet mapping for IEEE 802.1p, IPv4 DIFFSERV, IPv6 Traffic Class
- MAC filtering function to filter or forward unknown uni- cast, multicast and VLAN packets • Switch Management Capabilities - Self-address filtering for implementing ring topologies - 10/100/1000Mbps Ethernet switch basic functions: • Comprehensive Configuration Registers Access frame buffer management, address look-up table, queue management, MIB counters - High-speed 4-wire SPI (up to 50MHz), I2C interfaces - Non-blocking store-and-forward switch fabric assures provide access to all internal registers fast packet delivery by utilizing 4096 entry forwarding - MII Management (MIIM, MDC/MDIO 2-wire) Interface table with 256kByte frame buffer provides access to all PHY registers - Jumbo packet support up to 9000 bytes - In-band management via any of the data ports - Port mirroring/monitoring/sniffing: - I/O pin strapping facility to set certain register bits from ingress and/or egress traffic to any port I/O pins at reset time - MIB counters for fully-compliant statistics gathering - On-the-fly configurable control registers 34 counters per port • Power Management - Tail tagging mode (one byte added before FCS) sup- - Energy detect power-down mode on cable disconnect port at host port to inform the processor which ingress - Dynamic clock tree control port receives the packet and its priority - Unused ports can be individually powered down - Loopback modes for remote failure diagnostics - Full-chip software power-down - Rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP) support for topol- - Wake-on-LAN (WoL) standby power mode with PME ogy management and ring/linear recovery interrupt output for system wake upon triggered events - Multiple spanning tree protocol (MSTP) support  2017-2019 Microchip Technology Inc. DS00002330D-page 1 Document Outline 1.0 Preface 1.1 Glossary of Terms TABLE 1-1: General Terms 1.2 Buffer Types TABLE 1-2: Buffer Types 1.3 Register Nomenclature TABLE 1-3: Register Nomenclature 1.4 References 2.0 Introduction 2.1 General Description FIGURE 2-1: Internal Block Diagram 3.0 Pin Descriptions and Configuration 3.1 Pin Assignments FIGURE 3-1: Pin Assignments (Top View) TABLE 3-1: Pin Assignments 3.2 Pin Descriptions TABLE 3-2: Pin Descriptions 3.2.1 Configuration Straps TABLE 3-3: Configuration Strap Descriptions 4.0 Functional Description 4.1 Physical Layer Transceiver (PHY) 4.1.1 1000BASE-T Transceiver 4.1.2 100BASE-TX Transceiver 4.1.3 10BASE-Te Transceiver 4.1.4 Auto MDI/MDI-X TABLE 4-1: MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions 4.1.5 Pair-Swap, Alignment, and Polarity Check 4.1.6 Wave Shaping, Slew-Rate Control, and Partial Response 4.1.7 Auto-Negotiation FIGURE 4-1: Auto-Negotiation and Parallel Operation 4.1.8 Fast Link-Up 4.1.9 LinkMD® Cable Diagnostics 4.1.10 Remote PHY Loopback FIGURE 4-2: Remote PHY Loopback 4.2 LEDs 4.2.1 Single-LED Mode TABLE 4-2: Single-LED Mode Pin Definition 4.2.2 Tri-Color Dual-LED Mode TABLE 4-3: Tri-Color Dual-LED Mode Pin Definition 4.3 Media Access Controller (MAC) 4.3.1 MAC Operation 4.3.2 Inter-Packet Gap (IPG) 4.3.3 Back-Off Algorithm 4.3.4 Late Collision 4.3.5 Legal Packet Size 4.3.6 Flow Control 4.3.7 Half-Duplex Back Pressure 4.3.8 Flow Control and Back Pressure Registers TABLE 4-4: Flow Control and back Pressure Registers 4.3.9 Broadcast Storm Protection 4.3.10 Self-Address Filtering 4.4 Switch 4.4.1 Switching Engine 4.4.2 Address Lookup TABLE 4-5: Address Lookup Table Hashing Options TABLE 4-6: Reserved Multicast Address Table FIGURE 4-3: Packet Forwarding Process Flowchart TABLE 4-7: Lookup Engine Registers 4.4.3 IEEE 802.1Q VLAN TABLE 4-8: VLAN Forwarding TABLE 4-9: Hashed(DA) + FID Lookup in VLAN Mode TABLE 4-10: Hashed(SA) + FID Lookup in VLAN Mode TABLE 4-11: VLAN Registers 4.4.4 Quality-of-Service (QoS) Priority Support FIGURE 4-4: 802.p Priority Field Format 4.4.5 Traffic Conditioning & Policing 4.4.6 Spanning Tree Support TABLE 4-12: Spanning Tree States 4.4.7 Rapid Spanning Tree Support 4.4.8 Multiple Spanning Tree Support 4.4.9 Tail Tagging Mode FIGURE 4-5: Tail Tag Frame Format TABLE 4-13: Receive Tail Tag Format (from Switch to Host) TABLE 4-14: Transmit Tail Tag Format (from Host to Switch) 4.4.10 IGMP Support 4.4.11 IPv6 MLD Snooping 4.4.12 Port Mirroring 4.4.13 Scheduling and Rate Limiting 4.4.14 Ingress MAC Address Filtering Function 4.4.15 802.1X Access Control 4.4.16 Access Control List (ACL) Filtering TABLE 4-15: ACL Processing Entry Parameters FIGURE 4-6: ACL Structure and Example Rule Values TABLE 4-16: Matching Rule Options TABLE 4-17: ACL Matching Rule Parameters for MD = 01 TABLE 4-18: ACL Matching Rule Parameters for MD = 10 TABLE 4-19: ACL Matching Rule Parameters for MD = 11 TABLE 4-20: ACL Action Rule Parameters for Non-count Modes (MD ≠ 01 or ENB ≠ 00) TABLE 4-21: ACL Action Rule Parameters for count Mode (MD = 01 or ENB = 00) FIGURE 4-7: ACL Table Format TABLE 4-22: ACL Registers 4.5 NAND Tree Support TABLE 4-23: NAND Tree Test Pin Order 4.6 Clocking 4.6.1 Primary Clock 4.6.2 MAC Interface Clocks 4.6.3 Serial Management Interface Clock 4.6.4 CLKO_25_125 4.7 Power FIGURE 4-8: Power Connection Diagram 4.8 Power Management TABLE 4-24: MDI/MDI-X Pin Definitions 4.8.1 Normal Operation Mode 4.8.2 Energy-Detect Mode 4.8.3 Global Soft Power-Down Mode 4.8.4 Port-Based Power Down 4.8.5 Wake on LAN (WoL) 4.9 Management Interface 4.9.1 SPI Slave Bus TABLE 4-25: Register Access using the SPI Interface FIGURE 4-9: SPI Register Read Operation FIGURE 4-10: SPI Register Write Operation 4.9.2 I2C Bus FIGURE 4-11: Single Byte Register Write FIGURE 4-12: Single Byte Register Read FIGURE 4-13: Burst Register Write FIGURE 4-14: Burst Register Read 4.9.3 MII Management (MIIM) Interface TABLE 4-26: MII Management Interface Frame Format TABLE 4-27: Standard MIIM Registers 4.10 In-Band Management FIGURE 4-15: In-Band Management Frame Format 4.11 MAC Interface (RGMII/MII/RMII Port 6-7) 4.11.1 Media Independent Interface (MII) TABLE 4-28: MII (PHY Mode) Connection to External MAC TABLE 4-29: MII (MAC Mode) Connection to External PHY 4.11.2 Reduced Media Independent Interface (RMII) TABLE 4-30: RMII Signal Descriptions TABLE 4-31: RMII Connection to External MAC TABLE 4-32: RMII Connection to External PHY 4.11.3 Reduced Gigabit Media Independent Interface (RGMII) TABLE 4-33: RGMII Signal Descriptions 5.0 Device Registers FIGURE 5-1: Register Address Mapping FIGURE 5-2: Byte Ordering TABLE 5-1: Global Register Address Map TABLE 5-2: Port N (1-7) Register Address Map 5.1 Global Registers 5.1.1 Global Operation Control Registers (0x0000 - 0x00FF) 5.1.2 Global I/O Control Registers (0x0100 - 0x01FF) 5.1.3 Global PHY Control and Status Registers (0x0200 - 0x02FF) 5.1.4 Global Switch Control Registers (0x0300 - 0x03FF) 5.1.5 Global Switch Look Up Engine (LUE) Control Registers (0x0400 - 0x04FF) 5.2 Port Registers 5.2.1 Port N: Port Operation Control Registers (0xN000 - 0xN0FF) 5.2.2 Port N: Port Ethernet PHY Registers (0xN100 - 0xN1FF) 5.2.3 Port N: Port RGMII/MII/RMII Control Registers (0xN300 - 0xN3FF) 5.2.4 Port N: Port Switch MAC Control Registers (0xN400 - 0xN4FF) TABLE 5-3: Data Rate Selection Table for Ingress and Egress Rate Limiting 5.2.5 Port N: Port Switch MIB Counters Registers (0xN500 - 0xN5FF) 5.2.6 Port N: Port Switch ACL Control Registers (0xN600 - 0xN6FF) 5.2.7 Port N: Port Switch Ingress Control Registers (0xN800 - 0xN8FF) 5.2.8 Port N: Port Switch Egress Control Registers (0xN900 - 0xN9FF) 5.2.9 Port N: Port Switch Queue Management Control Registers (0xNA00 - 0xNAFF) 5.2.10 Port N: Port Switch Address Lookup Control Registers (0xNB00 - 0xNBFF) 5.3 Tables and MIB Counters (Access) 5.3.1 Address Lookup (ALU) Table FIGURE 5-3: Address Lookup Table Configuration 5.3.2 Static Address Table 5.3.3 Reserved Multicast Address Table 5.3.4 VLAN Table FIGURE 5-4: VLAN Table Structure TABLE 5-4: VLAN Table Data Fields 5.3.5 Access Control List (ACL) Table TABLE 5-5: ACL Field Register Mapping 5.3.6 Management Information Base (MIB) Counters TABLE 5-6: MIB Counters 5.4 MDIO Manageable Device (MMD) Registers (Indirect) TABLE 5-7: MMD Register Map 5.4.1 MMD LED Mode Register 5.4.2 MMD EEE Advertisement Register 6.0 Operational Characteristics 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings* 6.2 Operating Conditions** 6.3 Electrical Characteristics TABLE 6-1: Electrical Characteristics 6.4 Timing Specifications 6.4.1 RGMII Timing FIGURE 6-1: RGMII Timing TABLE 6-2: RGMII Timing Values 6.4.2 MII Timing FIGURE 6-2: MII Transmit Timing in MAC Mode TABLE 6-3: MII Transmit Timing in MAC Mode Values FIGURE 6-3: MII Receive Timing in MAC Mode TABLE 6-4: MII Receive Timing in MAC Mode Values FIGURE 6-4: MII Receive Timing in PHY Mode TABLE 6-5: MII Receive Timing in PHY Mode Values FIGURE 6-5: MII Transmit Timing in PHY Mode TABLE 6-6: MII Transmit Timing in PHY Mode Values 6.4.3 RMII Timing FIGURE 6-6: RMII Transmit Timing FIGURE 6-7: RMII Receive Timing TABLE 6-7: RMII Timing Values 6.4.4 MIIM Timing FIGURE 6-8: MIIM Timing TABLE 6-8: MIIM Timing Values 6.4.5 SPI Timing FIGURE 6-9: SPI Data Input Timing FIGURE 6-10: SPI Data Output Timing TABLE 6-9: SPI Timing Values 6.4.6 Auto-Negotiation Timing FIGURE 6-11: Auto-Negotiation Timing TABLE 6-10: Auto-Negotiation Timing Values 6.4.7 Power-up and Reset Timing FIGURE 6-12: Power-up and Reset Timing TABLE 6-11: Power-up and Reset Timing Values 6.5 Clock Specifications FIGURE 6-13: Input Reference Clock Connection Options TABLE 6-12: Reference Crystal Characteristics 7.0 Design Guidelines 7.1 Reset Circuit Guidelines FIGURE 7-1: Simple Reset Circuit FIGURE 7-2: Reset Circuit for CPU Reset Interface 7.2 Magnetics Connection and Selection Guidelines FIGURE 7-3: Typical Magnetic Interface Circuit TABLE 7-1: Magnetics Selection Criteria TABLE 7-2: Compatible Single-Port 10/100/1000 Magnetics 8.0 Package Information 8.1 Package Marking Information 8.2 Package Drawings FIGURE 8-1: Package (Drawing) FIGURE 8-2: Package (Dimensions) FIGURE 8-3: Package (Land Pattern) Appendix A: Data Sheet Revision History The Microchip Web Site Customer Change Notification Service Customer Support Product Identification System Worldwide Sales and Service