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01-12-2010

1-Wire Barometer. Part 2

Simulators for Calibration and Alternative Barometer Designs

The design presented in the schematic above is not the only possible barometer that can be constructed with this printed circuit board. Not only is the printed circuit board designed to be modified for different voltage sources and 1-wire networks, but the values of the resistors can be modified for different ranges of barometric pressure and resolutions.

Two simulators are provided:

  • Calibration Simulator
  • Design Simulator

Jim Jennings has provided a Visual Basic Calibration Simulator for pre-calibration of the two pots, R3 and R4, and for calibration after construction.
Dave Bray has provided an Excel Spreadsheet for modifying the design for different barometric pressure ranges and resolutions.

Downloads

The following are files associated with this construction available for download. They are:

  • Large schematic with full details baro20schematic.zip. Recommended to help construction. Needed for option modifications. It will print on 8 x 10 paper.
  • Simulators simulators.zip.
  • Printed circuit boards for making your own boards: baro20pc.zip.

Parts List

This parts list is for Version 2.0 of the K2LMG/W5EUT Barometer design presented in the the above schematic.

This is for 31.0 to 28.0 inHg range, sea level to 5000ft. If other ranges and altitudes are desired use the baro20simulator.xls to find the values needed. Suggested values changes for high altitude and more resolution are listed below.

PC board

Order from
www.farcircuits.net

Ask for latest Jennings Barometer
$4 plus shipping of approximately $1.50.

IC's

   

The first 2 parts are available from Newark (www.newark.com)

U2

MPX4115A or MPXA4115A

 

U3

DS2438Z

 
 

The remaining parts are available from Mouser (www.mouser.com) as well as others.

U1

LM358N

#512-LM358N

U5

LM78L05

#511-L78L05ACZ

U4

L78M10

#511-L78M10CV

D1-D3

1N5817

#583-1N5817

D4

5 volt LED

#512-MR5460

 

Resistors (all fixed resistors 1/4 watt metal film).

R1

100K

 

R3

5K pot

#72-T93YA-5K

For a 1 inHg range use

10K pot

#72-T93YA-10K

R4

2K pot

#72-T93YA-2K

R5

10K pot

#72-T93YA-10K

R6

15K

 

R7

2.7K

 

R8

5.6K

(6.98K if over 5000 ft elevation)

R9

2.4K

(1K if over 5000 ft elevation)

R10

2.7K

 

R11

2.2K

 
 

Capacitors

C1

1 MFD tantalum

#80-T350A105K025

C2

2.2 (or 4.7) MFD electrolytic

#140-XRL35V4

C3-C4

4.7 MFD tantalum

#80-T350B475K016

 

Hardware

2 gang modular connector

 

#154-6612

Dip socket

 

#575-199308

Sip sockets (for pots)

See note

#575-193110

Power connector

 

#163-5004

Header

 

#571-41032390

Note: The Sip socket(s) are for the pots. Needed only if they might be changed.

Testing and Initial Calibration

It is assumed that you already have 1-Wire hardware and software working on a computer. If not you must obtain information on both at: iButton-TMEX and Developers Tool Kit

  1. Download the simulators.zip package.
  2. Connect the barometer to your 1-Wire interface on your PC and run the iButton viewer.
  3. Run Jim's Baro20Cal.exe. You will need the VB 6.0 runtime files on your computer. If you do not have these files a search of "visual basic V6.0 runtime" on Google.com will find many free sources for them.
  4. Enter your altitude and desired low and high barometric pressures. To convert kPa to inHg divide kPa value by 3.3863 (or millibars by 33.863).
  5. Set R3 and R4 to the values with a multimeter.
  6. Connect the jumper pin to supply voltage directly to opamp U1B from the calibration pot R5. The Test position.
  7. Apply power to your barometer.
  8. Set R5 to LoVin. The iButton viewer should show a voltage near LoVolt. Adjust R4 to make it be equal to LoVolt.
  9. Set R5 to HiVin. The iButton viewer should show a voltage near HiVolt. Adjust R3 to make it be equal to HiVolt.
  10. Repeat steps 8 and 9 until no more adjustment is needed.
  11. Remove power from your barometer and set the jumper to the Run position.
  12. Connect your barometer to your 1-Wire network and run your weather station software.
  13. Finish the calibration by setting the barometric pressure reading to that of a nearby airport barometric pressure.

To be continued

davidbray.org

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