Keep the heat down in power op amps

Apex PA05

When you include a power op amp, such as PA05 from Apex Microtechnology, in your design, it is desirable to minimize the supply-to-output differential to a minimum to reduce power dissipation and to fully exploit the amplifier's output range. Our goal was to design a power amplifier to yield 70 V p-p output at 10 A with a fixed gain of 10 and a frequency of 30 Hz to 100 kHz. To obtain ±35 V swing entailed dc supplies of approximately ±38 V and two ±5 V supplementary supplies. To derive the full 10 A at lower voltage, you must reduce the supply voltage in proportion to the output voltage to decrease dissipation. In this case, the gain is fixed at 10. So, you can control the dc voltage proportional to the input voltage (Figure 1). SMPS1 and SMPS2 are identical voltage-programmed supplies (except for the ±5 V supplementary supplies). The precision rectifier generates dc output proportional to the ac-input amplitude. To obtain approximately ±6 V when no input signal is present, the circuit adds offset voltage to the signal.

Power supplies track the input signal in bootstrap fashion, thus reducing power dissipation.
Figure 1. Power supplies track the input signal in bootstrap fashion, thus reducing power dissipation.

As the input increases, the SMPS output increases from 6 to 38 V for a 7 V p-p ac input. To control the negative-side SMPS, you must transfer information from SMPS1 to SMPS2. The circuit in Figure 2, which generates current proportional to the input voltage, effects the transfer. Thus, SMPS2 generates an equal-value but opposite-polarity voltage to that of SMPS1. If you need higher output current, you may need to increase the voltage headroom, depending on the power amplifier you choose. Otherwise, you may experience output clipping. Note that for fast-changing input signals, the output may clip for a short time until the power-supply voltage rises. This phenomenon depends on the precision rectifier and the power supplies' response time.

The switch-mode power supplies track each other with opposite-polarity outputs.
Figure 2. The switch-mode power supplies track each other with opposite-polarity outputs.

Materials on the topic

  1. Datasheet Apex PA05

EDN

You may have to register before you can post comments and get full access to forum.
EMS supplier